Figures are technical elements competed in the 12 and under, 13-15 and junior categories. Each age group has a different set of figures attributed to them, including mandatory and optionals.

The optional group of figures is randomly drawn 18 to 72 hours before the start of the figure competition, and has to be made public.

Each competitor must wear a black bathing suit with a white cap in order to lessen bias and favoritism as much as possible. Jewelry or makeup is not allowed.

Each figure is judged from the standpoint of perfection. The accuracy of positions and transitions are evaluated, as well as control, extension, speed, height, stability and uniform motion.

Like in any judged sport, perfection is nearly impossible to attain in synchronized swimming. Very good figure scores range from 8.0 to 8.9, while satisfactory is from 5.0-5.9. The highest and lowest scores are cancelled and the other are averaged. That average is then multiplied by the degree of difficulty of each figure.


Below is the list of all figure groups for the 2017-2021 period. You can click on each category’s name to get a full description of each figure.

Barracuda Airborne Split Spin Up 360°(3.3)
Porpoise Twist Spin (2.5)

Optional Groups
Group 1:
Aurora Twirl (2.8)
London Combined Spin 720° (2.9)

Group 2:
Whirlwind (2.7)
Butterfly (2.5)

Group 3:
Kipswirl Split Closing 180° (2.3)
Ipanema (3.0)


Ariana (2.2)
Rio (3.1)

Optional Groups
Group 1:
Jupiter (2.8)
Oceanea (2.1)

Group 2:
Albatross Half Twist (2.2)
Swordtail (2.3)

Group 3:
Porpoise Continuous Spin 720° (2.1)
Seagull (2.1)

12 and Under

Straight Ballet Leg (1.6)
Barracuda (1.9)

Optional Groups
Group 1:
Walkover Back (1.9)
Ballerina (1.8)

Group 2:
Kip (1.6)
Swordfish (2.0)

Group 3:
Swan (2.1)
Water Drop (1.5)